Cardiopulmonary Services


Services provided by our Cardiopulmonary department include:

24/48 hour Cardiac Holter Monitoring
30 day Cardiac Event Monitoring
EEG (Electroencephalogram)
EKG's
Pulmonary Function Testing
Sleep Studies
Overnight Pulse Oximetry monitoring
Smoking Cessation Counseling
Treadmill Stress Tests


Cardiac Holter Monitoring


What is a Holter monitor?
A Holter monitor is a battery-operated ambulatory device that measures and tape records your heart's activity EKG continuously for 24 to 48 hours. The device is the size of a small camera. It has wires with silver dollar-sized electrodes that attach to your skin. The Holter monitor and other devices that record your ECG as you go about your daily activities are called ambulatory electrocardiograms.

Quick facts:
You may be asked to wear a Holter monitor to see if you have a slow, fast or irregular (uneven) heartbeat. Or, your doctor may use it to see how well your medicines are working to treat these problems. If you have a pacemaker and feel dizzy, your doctor may use a Holter monitor to find out if your pacemaker is working properly.
This monitor has no risks and wearing it isn't painful.
The results of wearing a Holter monitor will help you and your doctor decide if you need more tests or medicines for your heart, or if you need a pacemaker or cardioversion procedure to restore a regular heart rhythm.

Why do people wear Holter monitors?
Regular electrocardiograms (EKGs) let your doctor look at your heart's activity at one point in time during your ECG test. But abnormal heart rhythms and cardiac symptoms may come and go. That's why your doctor may want to evaluate your heartbeat over time while you go about your normal activities.  You may be asked to wear a Holter monitor if you have fast, slow or irregular heartbeats called arrhythmias.

30 day Cardiac event recorder

A cardiac event recorder is a battery-powered ambulatory device that you control to record your heart's electrical activity EKG when you have symptoms.

Quick Facts:
Our cardiac event recorders store your ECG in memory in the monitor. You will be instructed on how to transmit your data by telephone to our receiving center and we will send on to your doctor. There are no risks when using a cardiac event recorder.

Why do people need to use a cardiac event recorder?
Tests such as EKG's let your doctor look at your heart's activity at rest and at one point in time. But abnormal heart rhythms and cardiac symptoms may come and go. The main purpose of an event monitor is to record your heart rate and rhythm during a symptom ("event"). They work only when a person activates the "record button" on the device. Your doctor may recommend an event monitor when symptoms are infrequent - less than daily.  Event monitors can be worn up to 30 days.

You may be asked to wear a cardiac event recorder if you have fast, slow or irregular heartbeats called arrhythmias'.

Pulmonary Function Testing (PFTs)


What is pulmonary function testing?
Pulmonary function tests (also called PFTs or lung function tests) help determine how well your lungs are functioning. The results of these tests tell your physician how much air your lungs can hold, how quickly you can move air into and out of your lungs and how well your lungs are able to use oxygen and get rid of carbon dioxide. The tests help your physician determine if you have a lung disease, help provide a measure of how significant your lung disease is, and can show how well the treatment for your lung disease is working.

Purpose
Pulmonary function tests can help your doctor diagnose a range of respiratory diseases which might not otherwise be obvious to the doctor or the patient. These tests are important since many kinds of lung problems can be successfully treated if detected early. The tests are also used to measure how a lung disease is progressing, and how serious the lung disease has become. Pulmonary function tests also can be used assess how a patient is responding to different medicines and treatments.

Sleep Studies


What Are Sleep Studies?
Sleep studies are tests that measure how well you sleep and how your body responds to sleep problems. These tests can help your doctor find out whether you have a sleep disorder and how severe it is.

Sleep studies are important because untreated sleep disorders can raise your risk for heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, and other medical conditions. Sleep disorders also have been linked to an increased risk of injury, such as falling (in the elderly) and car accidents.

People usually aren't aware of their breathing and movements while sleeping. They may never think to talk to their doctors about issues that might be related to sleep problems.

However, sleep disorders can be treated. Talk with your doctor if you snore regularly or feel very tired while at work or school most days of the week.

You also may want to talk with your doctor if you often have trouble falling or staying asleep, or if you wake up too early and aren't able to go back to sleep. These are common signs of a sleep disorder.

Your doctor might be able to diagnose a sleep disorder based on your sleep schedule and habits. However, he or she also might need the results from sleep studies and other medical tests to diagnose a sleep disorder.

Common signs and symptoms of Sleep apnea
Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and generally tired all the time.
Restless sleep at night
Snoring that wakes you or others in your household
You wake up gasping for air, or short of breath

EEG (electroencephalogram)

An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test that measures and records the electrical activity of your brain. Special sensors electrodes are attached to your head and hooked by wires to a computer. The computer records your brain's electrical activity on a computer screen as wavy lines. Certain conditions, such as seizures, can be seen by the changes in the normal pattern of the brain's electrical activity.

Why It Is Done
An electroencephalogram (EEG) may be done to:
Diagnose epilepsy and see what type of seizures is occurring. EEG is the most useful and important test in confirming a
diagnosis of epilepsy.
Check for problems with loss of consciousness or dementia.
Help find out a person's chance of recovery after a change in consciousness.
Find out if a person who is in a coma is brain-dead.
Study sleep disorders, such as narcolepsy.

Smoking Cessation Counseling

All patients that currently smoke or have been quit less than one year and seen by the Cardiopulmonary department is offered smoking cessation information to aid and encourage them to stop smoking. Smoking is still the #1 cause of preventable disease and death in the United States.